Hedgehogs and porcupines are also both nocternal, and sleep in hidden places. They often have tails that help with their grip (prehensile tails) similar to monkeys and other tree-dwelling mammals. Running a site like AnimalMentor.com needs significant resources to run and as we are a resource of high quality and original content, affiliate links are a way we can help to balance those running costs at no extra cost to the user. At first glance, a porcupine is not an animal you want to chase and that’s exactly why it has developed its effective spiny defense system that’s almost certain to deter any would-be attacker. Before you head to the store to buy grub-control products for the lawn, a little detective work is needed to determine the cause of the brown patch: grubs … What do Porcupines Eat? To get to it they have to remove the bark all the way down to the cambium layer of the tree, which is where the wood begins. Grub to go: A guide to Midland & area restaurants ... “Fishers are carnivores and will kill and eat porcupines,” Rogers said. Well trodden trails are easily identified by shallow holes, exposed plant roots and bulbs and the odd quill. For much of the year, they’re benign neighbors. Don t worry about them stripping your fruit trees either. Dig underground + eat insects = eat grubs Grubs are a great source of fat. To check if you have a grub problem, peel back a square foot of green turf in each of several areas of your lawn. Their exact diet varies by season and location, but North American porcupines mostly eat leaves, twigs, bark, acorns, buds and flowers. Our friend, the porcupine is a vegetarian who prefers roots, tubers and sometimes a little bark or wild fruit. Other porcupine … More facts. Porcupines – A Brief Overview. This could be mistaken for many other animals but as expert trackers will know, the urine of a porcupine has a very particular, sweet pine odor specific to them. A porcupine finds a salty snack = urine + plywood. A North American porcupine foraging for grubs in the grass. Wear gloves when handling a trapped porcupine. Porcupines use the quills as a defense. Before the main question can be answered accurately, it’s a good opportunity to get to know exactly what makes a porcupine and what role they play in their ecosystems. They both eat leaves, herbs, twigs, bark, roots, fruits and berries but also farm crops. To answer the question more specifically would mean looking into individual species and their geographical location. It is a large rodent encountered equally in the “Old World” and in North America and northern South America. The animals can weigh up to 30 pounds and be up to 2 1/2 feet long. Porcupines generally like to eat the evergreen tree inner bark and needles, but they do find some hardwoods palatable. They usually cover the porcupine’s body, sometimes even being around their face. Some like to prepare food as well! They both eat what they can find for edible vegitation. Pets are often victims of porcupine quills. However, if the grub population is high or if there is a history of damage in an area, it may be necessary to consider using an insecticide for grub control. The Porcupine, with a body shape like other rodents, has over 30,000 quills on its body. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 7, 2020 5:44:31 AM ET. It’s extremely useful to know the animals that exist in the wild and local area, especially for hitchhikers, campers, and animal filmmakers, so that you know if animals in the vicinity pose a threat to you. Porcupines are herbivores, so they do not eat bugs. In the early spring, for example, many homeowners suspect grub damage because of the condition of their lawn after snow melt. These porcupines tend to have quite stocky and heavy builds. The Oregon Zoo's porcupine pals Nolina and Sharpie went on a little walk to get some early Christmas gifts. Yes, and owl does eat grubs. If a raccoon is digging in your yard, chances are you have grubs. The size of the spikes can depend on the porcupine’s species with one of the largest belonging to the African Crested Porcupine as stated by National Geographic. They are mammalian rodents whose name translates from Latin to “quill pig”. Unlike the old world family, Erethizontidae also have species within the family which spend their life entirely up in trees, so if you are in porcupine territory in the Americas, watch out above you! And getting rid of pesky grubs greatly reduces a mole’s food supply. Porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum) are a nuisance to homeowners. How to Get Rid of Rats & Mice Without Chemicals, How to Stop Mice From Burrowing in Landscaping, Safe Alternatives for Getting Rid of Mice in Your Home, How to Repel a Fox That Keeps Coming by Your House, How to Block the Bottom of a Fence From Rabbits, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: Mammal Pests, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History: North American Porcupine, Wildlife Education & Directory of Wildlife Experts: How to Keep Porcupines Away, Pacific Fisher News: Porcupines an Increasingly Rare Sight in California Forests, Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development: Control of Porcupine Damage, How to Protect Tomato Plants From Rodents. Bait the trap with a small salt block. They continue to devour all of the grass roots they can reach, growing big and plump, until mid-fall, when they move deeper in the soil for protection against cold winter temperatures. They can also be nocturnal but this is not as strict as the old world ones and there are species which are active during daytime. WTOP Garden Plot … It’s a commonly asked question and many of you would love to find; that nobody dines, quite like a porcupine! Because they eat them. There are 11 species within the old world porcupine family; they tend to be nocturnal and larger than the new world family with a couple of exceptions. Calling for help when you need it. Before the dead patches even appear, your lawn feels spongy when stepped on, as it it were freshly laid sod. Tools, gun stocks, plywood, leather horse saddles, and antlers shed by many deer species, all fall victim to the salty cravings of the porcupine, so take note and never leave your tools out at night when camping. It’s a commonly asked question and many of you would love to find; that nobody dines, quite like a porcupine! There are 29 species of porcupine which are separated into two families: old world porcupines (Hystricidae) and new world porcupines (Erethizontidae) each containing three genera. Porcupines can cause lots of damage, digging up grass for food as well as gnawing on any wood in the yard including trees. Their diet high in potassium has led them to gnaw on the wood of outhouses in camping grounds because (as disgusting as it is) the urine soaked wood is particularly appealing and give them the sodium they need, making them somewhat a menace to campground owners. Once you can see the dirt, you should have a clear view of any grubs. Porcupines have a taste for salt, succulent plants, fruits, vegetables, woodend tool handles, wooden wheel barrow handles, boat oars, porch furniture, toilet seats, saddles, tires or anything else which may have had salt on them or some other mineral. This is a wide open area on my lawn where … Similar to their cousins, they are stocky and rounded in build but they differ for their complete upper lips and rooted molars. Porcupines can cause lots of damage, digging up grass for food as well as gnawing on any wood in the yard including trees. Raccoons will smell the grubs, eat them and continue to dig to find them. In addition to that, hedgehogs also eat allot of insects, slugs, and grubs. It is, however, a myth that these quills can be launched by the porcupine, they are simply quite loosely attached to the body whilst also sometimes featuring barbs, enabling them to stick more firmly into the predator and detach from the quill pig. Squirrels eat all they find. If you do have a grub problem, the damaged grass should pull up easily since the grubs have been eating away the roots underneath. The most obvious trait is the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies. This happens because grubs eat the roots holding the turf firmly in place on the soil. They attract rumor and tabloid-style coverage, most of it myth. Some animals aren't content with just eating food, however. Like beavers, porcupines prefer to eat the nutritious inner tree bark or phloem. North American porcupines also eat fruit, leaves, and springtime buds. Lenny the Bearded Dragon has done his … So, trying to control the grubs will not help in this regard. How do I know if I have grubs? Place 30-inch or wider flashing around the bottom of tree trunks to keep the porcupines from gnawing on young trees or girdling older trees. A lawn should be mowed at 3 to 4 inches in height and properly fertilized for maximum root growth. Insects are a tasty and highly nutritious source of food, and with our diverse range of delicious products there is something here to help introduce anyone to the joys of insect-eating. It is however not easy to get the squirrels eating grubs. Other than the main preference of bark and roots; foliage, fruit, shoots and sometimes insects have been recorded to be devoured by species all over the globe. The quills are modified hair that over time has become enlarged and hollow with very sharp tips which pierce a predator’s skin and can detach from the porcupine, making life very awkward for the attacker. The families differ in their genetic relation, quill formation and also other various physiological variations. Please assume all of the links on AnimalMentor.com are affiliate based links from which our website gains a small commission from sales of particular products. Contact your local wildlife control center for removal of the porcupine once it is trapped. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Porcupines are non-game animals, according to the California Fish and Game Code, so if night hunting is legal in your area a .22 caliber gun is effective for use in eradicating porcupines. Kokemuller is an authorized substitute teacher and holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Iowa. During spring summer and fall it s probably best not to feed the squirrels. An infestation of grubs itself can devastate a lawn in their feasting on the grass root and killing it, or they can attract crows that peck and pull the lawn apart to eat the grubs. Moles often arrive unannounced and make a terrible mess of your backyard. Later in the summer, the eggs hatch and the grubs begin to eat. I have a porcupine who comes to the same place in my yard at almost the same time every afternoon. Grubs will spend time near the surface of your lawn eating the grass roots and causing damage to … In fact, most well-maintained lawns do not have visible damage from grubs. Some quills can get up to a foot (30 centimeters) long, like those on the Africa's crested porcupine, according to National Geographic. The spines on their back are referred to as quills. They make shake them, which makes them rattle, as a warning to potential predators. So trying to diagnose grub damage from the previous season as the cause of a dead lawn area in spring is very difficult to do, even if limited roots are found in an area of dead grass. Some porcupines eat small lizards also with their strong jaws and teeth. Do squirrels eat grubs from lawn. All porcupines have a few traits in common. Many lawn issues that resemble grub damage can be caused by something else, including disease, drought stress, hairy chinch bugs, sod webworms, shade, compaction, and more. Grubs are not the only thing crawling in the dirt, and eating them exposes your dog to the risk of getting parasites that tend to dwell in the dirt, like roundworms. I’m serious. Grubs in lawns do damage by cutting off grass plant roots. What Do Porcupines Eat? Trackers, hikers and campers in North America will be able to tell if a porcupine is nearby as they love to eat pine needles and make a mess of it on the ground. The pair got the best Christmas presents that any prickly mammals could possibly want — snacks! Many porcupines even eat timber of the ornamental trees and destroy the trees. Make sure you acquire a trapping license from the Department of Fish and Game before trapping the porcupine. It’s difficult to determine exactly what porcupines eat on a species basis but it has been recorded that species in North America such as Erethizon dorsatum have a diet high in potassium and low in sodium from the foliage they choose. She spent six years working in a private boarding school, where her focus was English, algebra and geometry. If this has happened in your lawn, there is good news. PORCUPINES WILL EAT ANYTHING MADE WITH WOOD ^. Porcupines are generally herbivorous, preferring to chow down on delicacies such as tree bark and roots but they are not too picky at all and some are not as innocent as you may think. FactsKing.com / Animal Facts / Top 8 Predators of Porcupines that Eat Porcupines The porcupine is best known for its sharp spikes and fierce look, helping it shield itself from predators. The grubs come back up to the surface in early May and eat a little longer. I know that porcupines are kind of like over-exposed celebrities. Photo by Education Specialist/Flickr through a Creative Commons license. Their sodium craving has them gnawing away at such a high variety of unexpected food sources due to salts emitted by humans and animals as they sweat or that just naturally occur in the composition of wooden materials. ... Do porcupines eat grubs? Grubs and yard voles are two annoying pests that can result in varying degrees of damage to your plants, garden and lawn. Besides their strong teeth and claws, porcupines have the added danger of bodies covered in barbed quills that easily release when in contact with flesh. Grubs and Yard Voles. These pests can be controlled, and your lawn can be restored back to its healthy state by getting rid of grub … Fence in trees, gardens or flower beds that are suffering damage. New world porcupines tend to have shorter quills which you could describe as barbs rather than spines. Block off any entrance holes below porches with chicken wire where porcupines may be living. Jill Kokemuller has been writing since 2010, with work published in the "Daily Gate City." The animals are difficult to remove, as repellants do not have much effect. Chicken wire about 18 inches high used in conjunction with a strand of electric wire just above the chicken wire is effective at keeping porcupines from the area. Grubs lay their eggs in soil under turf, where there’s an ample supply of organic matter in the soil to eat, including grass roots. Cover the trap with a tarp before moving it. EAT GRUB is a boundary-breaking, sustainable food brand that aims to revolutionise Western food culture by introducing insects as a staple part of it. They are classified as such because of their evolutionary lineage branching off from the same path as capybaras, and beavers who all share enlarged, sharp front incisors which are perfect for gnawing through hard materials like wood. They eat natural bark and stems, and have been known to invade campgrounds and chew on canoe paddles. Their spines are either flattened or cylindrical in shape and form in clusters on their body as opposed to new world porcupines whose quills are separated rather than bunched together. During the late summer and early fall, you may begin to notice lawns turning an unattractive shade of brown in certain unsightly, dying patches. Moles don t like the smell of castor oil. They also like to eat fruit from trees and vegetables from gardens. Unfortunately, these animals will eat the grubs whether they are dead or alive. The new world porcupines have a habit of eating pine needles, fruits, nuts, flowers, grasses, an aquatic plantations. In early to mid-June, the grubs build an in-ground "cocoon" and transform into beetles that emerge from the soil and start the process over again. The reason you want to control grubs is because when the grubs begin to feed on the lawn they can kill your entire lawn and you will surely be left with a … Even though grubs are actually a nutritious treat for your dog, and they aren't dangerous to eat, there are some other things to keep in mind if you let your dog eat grubs. The likely explanation is the grass is being destroyed by hungry, thriving grub worms living below the surface of the lawn. We very much value your support. While strictly vegetarian and generally passive, they remain … Porcupines prefer sleeping high up in trees, while hedgehogs sleep in burrows or bushes. They also like to eat fruit from trees and vegetables from gardens. Porcupines are herbivores, so their diet consists entirely of plants. Porcupines really do frequent backwoods outhouses. To be honest, that's what we at RTM would like too. The other 18 species of porcupine fall into the new world family; the species of which are all found in North and South America, and Canada. Place a cage trap at least 32 by 10 by 12 inches in areas you have seen the porcupines. They’re not really aggressive creatures and will give warning to a threatening presence by shaking their quills, giving off a rattling sound to try and deter any would-be attackers. Porcupines are nocturnal and have poor vision but a very good sense of smell. What Do Porcupines Eat? Porcupines do give me headaches. Another sign of grubs is damage from skunks and raccoons digging up lawns in search of grubs to eat… Raccoons in search of grubs can do some serious damage to lawns, but the answer to stopping this behavior is to deploy a very tiny creature to destroy the raccoon's food source. The animals are nocturnal, so place the barriers at night while the porcupine is out and active. They are found in southern Europe, South East Asia, throughout India and Africa. It is illegal to relocate trapped animals on your own in California. The North American porcupine and the African porcupine differ in one crucial thing when looking for food; the North American porcupine climbs up trees to find food while the African porcupine forages for food only on the ground. It eats Berries, grubs, fish, rodents, insects, etc. If that doesn't work, they may charge backwards into the predator. There have however been records of porcupine scavenging the meat from animal carcasses too, which they have dragged back to their dens to consume; they’re not picky at all! Porcupine damage to homes, structures and garden areas is on the rise. Contact your local Fish and Game warden for night hunting regulations. Remove grubs from your lawn. Before the main question can be answered accurately, it’s a good opportunity to get to know exactly what makes a porcupine and what role they play in their ecosystems.